ESA Policy News September 16: Organizations request sequestration relief, Court blocks bee-killing insecticide, Nominations sought for NSF award
Here are some highlights from the latest ESA Policy News by Policy Analyst Terence Houston. Read the full Policy News here. BUDGET: ESA JOINS ORGANIZATIONAL LETTER REQUESTING SEQUESTRATION RELIEF
The Ecological Society of America was among 2,500 national, state and local organizations that signed a letter to Members of Congress requesting that they work to replace sequestration with a more balanced approach to deficit reduction.
The letter comes as Congress debates how to continue funding federal agencies beyond the current fiscal year, which ends Sept. 30, 2015. Republicans, who control both the House and Senate for the first time since 2006, have put forward Fiscal Year (FY) 2016 appropriations bills that have adhered to the spending constraints set in place by the Budget Control Act of 2011 (P.L. 112-25).
In Dec. 2013, the House and Senate Budget Committee Chairs Paul Ryan (R-WI) and Patty Murray (D-WA) in that year were able to work out a short-term deficit reduction agreement that provided spending increases for overall discretionary spending and prevented sequestration from taking effect in FY 2014 and 2015. Congress will need to enact a new deficit reduction agreement for FY 2016 and beyond in order to raise the caps on spending above those set by the Budget Control Act of 2011.
Click here to view the organizational letter.
FOREIGN AFFAIRS: ECOLOGICAL SOCIETIES URGE CLIMATE ACTION AT PARIS CONFERENCE
The Ecological Society of America joined with a dozen ecological societies in issuing a joint statement requesting that the countries meeting at this year’s United Nations climate conference in Paris take decisive steps to deter the effects of global climate change.
“Given that an important cause of these changes is the impact of people on the climate, the Presidents urge the Parties meeting in Paris in December during the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) of the United Nations Climate Change Conferences, to take the decisive steps urgently needed to prevent a 2°C rise in average global temperatures as recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC),” reads the statement. “This is very likely the last decade when it will be possible to achieve this together and to establish a global legacy of a healthy planet for generations to come.”
Click here to view the full statement.
WILDFIRES: AGENCY HEADS URGE CONGRESS TO REALLOCATE SUPPRESSION EXPENSES
The Secretaries for the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and US Department of Interior (DOI), and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget sent a letter to Congress this week requesting that lawmakers fix the way wildfire expenses are allocated on order for the agencies to better invest in forest and rangeland restoration efforts. Since August, the USDA Forest Service has been forced to transfer $700 million to fund firefighting through the remainder of this fiscal year. Over 8.5 million aces have burned in the 2015 fire season. These funds are diverted from funds for fuels management and restoration efforts that are crucial to reducing risks of wildland fire and the ability for lands to recover from fire.
“The Forest Service and Interior agencies set their firefighting budget based on their average costs of fighting fires over the last 10 years,” the letter notes. “Due to longer fire seasons resulting from climate change, increased fuel loads in our forests and on our rangelands, and the expense associated with protecting lives and homes along an expanding wildland urban interface, the 10-year average keeps rising and will continue to rise. As a result, unless Congress changes its budgeting strategy for fire suppression in the Forest Service and Interior, firefighting suppression as a proportion of the agencies’ budgets will continue to increase.”
Click here to view the letter.
HOUSE: REPUBLICAN INTRODUCES CLIMATE RESOLUTION AHEAD OF POPE VISIT
This week, retiring Congressman Chris Gibson (R-NY) plans to introduce a resolution that affirms humans are contributing to climate change. The resolution is said to be cosponsored by at least nine other Republicans.
Original cosponsors include Reps. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, (R-FL), Carlos Curbelo (R-FL), Robert Dold (R-IL), Dave Reichert (R-WA), Pat Meehan (R-PA), Ryan Costello (R-FL) and Mike Fitzpatrick (R-PA), and Richard Hanna (R-NY) Elise Stefanik (R-NY). Many hail from swing congressional districts.
The timing for introduction of the resolution is intended to coincide with the arrival of Pope Francis in Washington, DC next week. Pope Francis will speak before Congress on Sept. 24 and is expected to urge Americans to act on climate change. Environmentalists will also be using the pope’s visit to organize a climate rally the day he speaks on Capitol Hill.
POLLINATORS: COURT OVERTURNS EPA APPROVAL OF BEE-KILLING INSECTICIDE
On Sept. 10, the San Francisco-based 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) violated the law when it approved an insecticide produced by Dow AgroSciences.
Four beekeeping organizations and three individual beekeepers petitioned the court to review the agency’s approval of the pesticide under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act in 2013. The case is the first challenge to EPA’s approval of neonicotinoids. The court ruled that Dow AgroSciences provided incomplete data and studies to EPA that didn’t conform to international guidelines.
Environmental groups praised the decision, contending it will incentivize the agency to be more judicious in future insecticide reviews. EPA is set to review the registration of five other neonicotinoid insecticides by 2019.
NSF: NOMINATIONS SOUGHT FOR RESEARCH AWARD
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is accepting nominations for the 2016 Alan T. Waterman Award, recognizing the “talent, creativity, and influence of a singular young researcher.”
Named after NSF’s first director, the award is NSF’s highest honor for early-career researchers and accepts nominees from any field of science and engineering. In addition to attending the formal awards ceremony in Washington, DC, the recipient will be awarded $1,000,000 over five-years for research or advanced study at the institution of their choice.
Candidates must be 35 years old or younger and must have received their Ph.D. degree within the past seven years. Nominations are due by Oct. 23, 2015.
The nominations and letters must be sent through the FastLane system. To submit a nomination, please visit https://www.fastlane.nsf.gov/honawards/. Questions should be addressed to Dr. Sherrie Green, Program Manager for the Alan T. Waterman Award at email@example.com or 703-292-8040.
Click here for additional information.
FWS: NEW ENGLAND COTTONTAIL DELISTED FROM ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT
On Sept. 11, the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) announced that due to the successful habitat conservation and captive breeding efforts, it will exclude the New England cottontail from federal protection under the Endangered Species Act.
The New England cottontail is the only rabbit native to New England and east of the Hudson River in New York. Though nearly identical in appearance to the more common Eastern cottontail, the New England cottontail is less of a generalist in its ability to thrive in diverse habitats. The rabbits’ preferred ground-level habitat has shrunk by 86 percent since 1960 due to human development.
The rabbit had first been considered as a candidate for Endangered Species Act protections in 2006. FWS credits voluntary restoration efforts on private lands with playing a critical role in habitat restoration efforts. Presently, about 10,500 cottontails exist across five isolated populations in the Northeastern United States, three quarters of the 13,500 population goal set by the administration for 2030.
Click here for additional information.