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Brief introduction to IKs (TEK) with some recent literature cited (Newman 2021 Bulletin ESA)


Webinars hosted by ESA

Nov. 19 Recording is here

The Role of TEK in Building Circular Economies and Influencing Federal Land Tenure Policy Changes on Reservations.  

Dr. Valerie Small, Colorado State University


Oct. 15 Recording is here

Indigenous Sovereignty and the Demise of Western Democracy  

Joseph Gazing Wolf, Doctoral Fellow, Arizona State University


Sept. 24 Recording is here

Ethical Space, Science, Indigenous Knowledge: Conflict and Reconciliation in Ecological Management

Gwen Bridge, Gwen Bridge Consulting, Ltd.

Gwen, a member of the Saddle Lake Cree Nation in Alberta, Canada, works on developing relationships between indigenous and non indigenous peoples to support better natural resource management and indigenous equity.


Aug. 20 Recording is here

Integrating Western Science Into Indigenous Knowledge Processes

Steve DeRoy,  Team Lead @The Firelight Group
Steve is an award-winning Anishinaabe professional and entrepreneur with a strong background in mapping and geographic information sciences, business development, natural resources management, and project management.


July 23  Recording is here

Guidelines for the Use of Traditional Knowledges
Ann Marie Chischilly
Interim Vice President for the Office of Native American Initiatives @Northern Arizona University
Director of the Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals (ITEP)

June 18   Recording is here

Kiʔlawnaʔ (grizzly bear) – Alternative ways of knowing – Indigenous Knowledge systems, complexity sciences and forestry in the Okanagan, BC, Canada.

Ellen Simmons, Ph.D. candidate, University of British Columbia – Okanagan


May 21  Recording is here.

TEK: Learning from our Mother, the Earth

Daniel R. Wildcat
Indigenous & American Indian Studies Faculty Member @Haskell Indian Nations University


  • Collaborations and Partnerships with Indigenous Communities

Free, Prior and Informed Consent (United Nations)

UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)

SCGIS Webinar: Building Effective Partnerships with Indigenous Communities, featuring James Rattling Leaf

Building Authentic Collaborations with Tribal Communities (Climate Science Alliance and USGS SW-Climate Adaptation Science Center – lots of great resources linked)

Guidelines from the U.S. National Park Service

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service National Native American Programs

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Tribal Consultation Handbook (2018)

EPA – Environmental Justice for Tribes and Indigenous peoples (information, webinar recordings and slides)

Guidelines for Considering Traditional Knowledges in Climate Change Initiatives

Indigenous Knowledge & Western Science: Collaboration, Relationship, and Climate Solutions (Global Council for Science and the Environment, with Sherri Mitchell and Darren Ranco, webinar recordings and bibliography)

Learning Series on Research and Land Stewardship Collaborations with Indigenous Peoples (the second series from Global Council for Science and the Environment, with Sherri Mitchell and Darren Ranco, information packed webinars and resources)


Our Knowledge, Our Way guidelines

  • Indigenous Knowledges at work (this is just a small sample, plus see papers below)

National Climate Assessment (NCA4)

 Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) (each of the regional reports has sections on IKs)

GEO Indigenous Alliance An international organization co-founded by TEK section chair James Rattling Leaf, Sr, and others (2020 report linked here, with other resources)

ICCAs = Indigenous peoples’ and local Communities’ Conserved territories and Areas

National Fish, Wildlife and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy (see section on Indigenous Knowledges and associated references, and section on tribal climate adaptation plans)

Tribal Adaptation Menu Team. 2019. Dibaginjigaadeg Anishinaabe Ezhitwaad: A Tribal Climate Adaptation Menu. Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, Odanah, Wisconsin. 54 p.

Shifting Seasons Summit 2021, hosted by the College of Menominee Nation – Sustainable Development Institute (plenary speakers include Dr. Daniel Wildcat, Dr. Robin Wall Kimmerer).

UNESCO Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems (LINKS)

  • Education

Alexiades, AV et al. 2021.  Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Inclusive Pedagogy Increase Retention and Success Outcomes of STEM Students.  Bulletin of ESA 00(00):e01924.

Armstrong, M, Kimmerer, RW, J Vergun.  2007.  Education and research opportunities for traditional ecological knowledge. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5(4): W12-W14

Deloria, V., Jr. and DR Wildcat.  2001.  Power and Place: Indian Education in America.  Fulcrum Publishing, Golden, CO.

Indigenous Canada  is a 12-lesson Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) from the Faculty of Native Studies that explores Indigenous histories and contemporary issues in Canada. From an Indigenous perspective, this course explores key issues facing Indigenous peoples today from a historical and critical perspective highlighting national and local Indigenous-settler relations. Topics for the 12 lessons include the fur trade and other exchange relationships, land claims and environmental impacts, legal systems and rights, political conflicts and alliances, Indigenous political activism, and contemporary Indigenous life, art and its expressions.

Medin, DL, and M Bang.  2014.  Who’s Asking? Native Science, Western Science, and Science Education.  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Ramos, Seafha. TEK lesson plans (K-6)

Ruth Plenty Sweetgrass-She Kills, PhD and Jennifer Harrington, MS. 2021.  Creating More Inclusive Spaces in STEM for Native Americans – SACNAS 

  • Books (there are many, but you should definitely know about these)

Berkes, F. 2018.  Sacred Ecology, 4th ed.  Routledge, New York, NY, USA. (a textbook of TEK)

Cajete, G.  2000. Native Science: Natural Laws of Interdependence.  Clear Light Publishers, Santa Fe, NM, USA.

Kimmerer, RW.  2013.  Braiding Sweetgrass: Indigenous Wisdom, Scientific Knowledge, and the Teachings of Plants.  Milkweed editions.  (Professor Robin Wall Kimmerer was one of the founding members of the TEK section and its first Chair).

LaDuke, W. 1999.  All Our Relations: Native Struggles for Land and Life.  Haymarket Books, Chicago, IL.  (a classic and still highly relevant account of Indigenous encounters with environmental injustice in the United States.  There are a lot of IKs woven throughout).

Mitchell, S.  2018.  Sacred Instructions: Indigenous Wisdom for Living Spirit-Based Change.  North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Nelson, MK and D Shilling (eds.).  2018.  Traditional Ecology Knowledge:  Learning from Indigenous Practices for Environmental Sustainability.  Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK. 

Redvers, N.  2019.  The Science of the Sacred: Bridging Global Indigenous Medicine Systems and Modern Scientific Principles.  North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Smith, LT.  2021.  Decolonizing Methodologies:  Research and Indigenous Peoples.  3rd ed.  Zed Books, London, UK.

Steeves, PFC.  2021.  The Indigenous Paleolithic of the Western Hemisphere.  U. Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NE, USA.

Turner, NJ (ed.).  2020.  Plants, People and Places.  The Roles of Ethnobotany and Enthoecology in Indigenous People’s Land Rights in Canada and Beyond.  McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal, Canada.

Wildcat, DR. 2009.  Red Alert!  Saving the Planet with Indigenous Knowledge.  Fulcrum Publishing, Golden, CO, USA. [a short but excellent guide to the important role of Indigenous Knowledges in environmental problem-solving, or how our relationship with the planet must change.  Indigenous Realism.]

Context (there has been a lot of wisdom shared, if we care to be open to it)

Deloria, V. Jr.  1988.  Custer Died For Your Sins: An Indian Manifesto.  Univ. Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK. (Vine Deloria was a prolific author and any of his works are worth reading).

Dunbar-Ortiz, R.  2015. An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States.  Beacon Press, Boston, MA.  (this one’s about history, just like the title says, but very relevant / critical for understanding the present)

  • Recent relevant publications (there are many, too many to list here, so this is just a starting point – see the BullESA article for more, and the resources in previous sections)

(bold are publications in ESA journals)

Buell, M., D. Ritchie, K. Ryan, and C. D. Metcalfe. 2020. Using Indigenous and Western knowledge systems for environmental risk assessment. Ecological Applications 30:e02146.

Carroll, S.R. et al. 2020. The CARE Principles for Indigenous Data Governance. Data Science Journal, 19: 43, pp. 1–12.

Fernández-Llamazares, A. et al. 2021.  Scientists’ Warning to Humanity on Threats to Indigenous and Local Knowledge Systems.  J Ethnobiology, 41(2) : 144-169.

Herse, MR et al.  2020. Engaging Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in Environmental Management Could Alleviate Scale Mismatches in Social–Ecological Systems.  Bioscience 70: 699–707. doi:10.1093/biosci/biaa06

Hessami, MA et al.  2021. Indigenizing the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation.  Facets 6(1):

Hill, R., et al. 2019. Working with indigenous, local, and scientific knowledge in assessments of nature and nature’s linkages with people. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 43:8–20.

McElwee, P., et al. 2020. Working with Indigenous and local knowledge (ILK) in large-scale ecological assessments: reviewing the experience of the IPBES Global Assessment. J Applied Ecology 57:1666–1676.

M’s-it No’kmaq, et al. 2021. “Awakening the sleeping giant”: re-Indigenization principles for transforming biodiversity conservation in Canada and beyond. FACETS 6: 839–869. doi:10.1139/facets-2020-0083

Ramos, SC. 2018. Considerations for culturally sensitive traditional ecological knowledge research in wildlife conservation. Wildlife Society Bulletin 42:358–365.

Reid, AJ. 2021.  “Two-Eyed Seeing”: An Indigenous framework to transform fisheries research and management.  Fish and Fisheries. 22:243–261. DOI: 10.1111/faf.12516

Robbins, J. 2021.  How Returning Lands to Native Tribes Is Helping Protect Nature.  Yale Environment 360 (blog).

Robinson, JM et al. 2021.  Traditional ecological knowledge in restoration ecology: a call to listen deeply, to engage with, and respect Indigenous voices.  Restoration Ecology doi: 10.1111/rec.13381

Schlingmann, A. 2021. Global patterns of adaptation to climate change by Indigenous Peoples and local communities. A systematic review.  Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 51: 55-64.

Smythe, WF, and S Peele. 2021. The (un)discovering of ecology by Alaska Native ecologists. Ecological Applications. 00(00):e02354. 10.1002/eap.2354

Stricker, H., et al.  Managing North American Indigenous Peoples’ Wildlife Resources. Ch. 42. Pages 288–304 in N. J. Silvey, editor. The wildlife techniques manual.
Eighth edition, Volume 2. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Tran, TC, NC Ban, and J. Bhattacharyya. 2020. A review of successes, challenges, and lessons from Indigenous protected and conserved areas. Biological Conservation 241:108271.

Trisos, CH, Auerbach, J & Katti, M. Decoloniality and anti-oppressive practices for a more ethical ecology. Nat Ecol Evol (2021).

Varghese, J., and SS Crawford. 2021. A cultural framework for Indigenous, Local, and Science knowledge systems in ecology and natural resource management. Ecological Monographs 91(1):e01431. 10.1002/ecm.1431


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