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External Press Releases — Page 2

Roadkill study identifies animals most at risk in Europe

by University of Reading 6/11/20 Around 194 million birds and 29 million mammals are thought to be killed each year on European roads, according to a new study that has ranked the most vulnerable species. An international research team used 90 roadkill surveys from 24 European countries to create a new method of estimating both the birds and mammal species…

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Roads threaten millions of birds and mammals in Europe

By Universidade de Aveiro 6/9/2020 Approximately 194 million birds and 29 million mammals are struck by vehicles each year on European roads, according to estimates by an international team of researchers led by Clara Grilo, from the Center for Environmental and Sea Studies (CESAM) and the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon. The study was conducted at a…

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Nature’s ‘slow lanes’ offer hope for species feeling heat of climate change, other pressures

By Oregon State University 6/7/2020 CORVALLIS, Ore. – Pockets of landscape less prone than adjacent areas to disturbances like fire and drought may hold the key for scientists, conservationists and land managers seeking to preserve vulnerable species in a changing climate. These areas, categorized as “disturbance refugia,” are becoming a focal point for ecologists trying to learn why change doesn’t…

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Study tracks decades of life cycle changes in nonwoody plants

By University of Illinois 6/9/2020 CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — For 25 years, Carol Augspurger visited a patch of ancient woods near Urbana to look at the same 25 one-square-meter plots of earth she first demarcated for study in 1993. She surveyed the plots once a week in spring and summer, tracking the major life events of each of the herbaceous plants…

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Experts advocate fire management to conserve seasonally dry forests

By University of New Mexico 6/8/2020 Fire has been a central component in California’s natural and human history for millennia. Native Americans’ use of cultural burns in landscape management, in addition to lightning-ignited fires that burned unhindered, impacted most of the state’s ecosystems. However, in the late 1800s, California’s landscape underwent an era of Euro-American fire exclusion and suppression. As…

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California’s Climate Refugia: Mapping the Stable Places

By UC Davis 6/8/2020 Which Lands Stand the Best Chance for Conservation and Wildfire Restoration? Some landscapes can hold their own against climate change better than others. A study from the University of California, Davis, maps these places, called “climate refugia,” where existing vegetation is most likely to buffer the impacts of climate change through the end of the century. It found…

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Larger streams are critical for wild brook trout conservation

By Penn State University 6/3/2020 The Latin name for brook trout — Salvelinus fontinalis — means “speckled fish of the fountains,” but a new study by Penn State researchers suggests, for the first time, that the larger streams and rivers those fountains, or headwaters, flow into may be just as important to the brook trout. With few exceptions, brook trout…

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NAU professor a collaborator on research, published in a special-edition journal, addressing need for conservation of springs in drying climate

By Northern Arizona University 6/2/2020 A Northern Arizona University professor co-authored a paper on the importance of springs in a drying climate that is in the inaugural climate change refugia special edition of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. The issue focuses on refugia, which refers to areas that are relatively buffered from current climate change and shelter valued wildlife,…

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Loss of animals in tropical forests threatens the trees

By MNHN – CNRS 6/2/2020 A team of researchers from the ‘Adaptation and Evolution‘ unit of the French National Museum of Natural History (MNHN – CNRS) has published the results of a novel study in French Guiana on the effects that hunting can have on forest regeneration. They found that when large animals that naturally disperse the seeds of some…

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Oil Platforms’ Fishy Future

By University of Santa Barbara 6/2/2020 Biologists and fishermen alike know that offshore oil platforms function as de facto habitats for fish. The structures climb hundreds of feet into the water column, creating a prefab reef out in open water. But many of these platforms will soon be decommissioned, and government agencies are considering the potential ecological effects in deciding…

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