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Abundance of salmon key to feeding ‘underdog’ stream fishes: SFU research

Researchers from Simon Fraser University’s Salmon Watershed Lab have found when salmon returns are high, smaller and less dominant fishes get a chance to feast on their eggs.

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Every week was Sharksucker Week for these bull sharks, until some trendsetting trevallies came along

A new paper published in Ecology explores the complexity of the relationship between sharksuckers and their hosts.

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LED flashlights allow more night hunting in the tropics

A new study published in Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment describes how increasing availability of LED flashlights changes human hunting patterns and highlights the importance of community management of resources.

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Policy News: June 17, 2019

In This Issue: NSF BIO Advisory Committee Considers NEON User Engagement, No-deadline Policy A subcommittee tasked with understanding the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) user engagement recommended the formation of a separate entity for community user engagement. Member Opportunities Apply to join the Rapid Response Team. Congress House Science Committee holds hearings on IPBES Global Assessment, harassment in the sciences….

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Lengthy Study Shows Value of Soil Health and Forest Restoration after Damaging Events

By UC Merced 5/23/2019 A nine-year experiment by a UC Merced Department of Life and Environmental Sciences professor and his colleagues is illuminating the importance of soil carbon in maintaining healthy and functioning ecosystems because of its influence on the microbial communities that live in soil. These communities’ health can help researchers understand the effects of climate change. Professor Stephen C….

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Intensive silviculture accelerates Atlantic Rainforest biodiversity regeneration

By São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) 5/22/2019 An experiment conducted in Brazil in an area of Atlantic Rainforest suggests that intensive silviculture, including the use of herbicide and substantial amounts of fertilizer, is a more effective approach to promoting the regeneration of tropical forest and biomass gain than the traditional method based on manual weeding and less fertilizer. The study…

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Temperatures in the African savanna affect ant/plant mutualism

By University of Florida 5/16/19 In the wide world of tropical flora, insects often take up the mantle of protecting the plants that shelter them, each mutually satisfied in a happy marriage of nature’s making. This is particularly true for acacia trees that tower over the African savanna. Their tiny protectors are carnivorous ants that dissuade animals from browsing on…

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Species facing climate change could find help in odd place: urban environments

By Tufts University 5/14/19 When it comes to wildlife conservation efforts, urban environments could be far more helpful than we think, according to new research.  A study published today in Ecology shows that animals move faster through ‘low quality’ habitats – evidence that could change the way conservationists think about managing landscapes to help species move in response to climate…

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What keeps ocean kelp forest ecosystems stable?

By National Science Foundation 5/14/2019 An ecosystem is made up of species, populations, communities, and a network of communities across a region. A team led by NSF-funded researchers at the University of California-Santa Barbara (UCSB) has published a paper in the journal Ecology showing how these different levels combine to form an ecosystem. The research was conducted in an underwater giant kelp…

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Dexterous Herring Gulls learn new tricks to adapt their feeding habits

By University of Southampton 5/9/2019 Observations of Herring Gulls by scientists from the University of Southampton have shown how the coastal birds have developed complicated behaviour to ‘skin’ sea creatures to make them safe to eat. Researchers think this feeding habit may be a response to urbanisation and changes in food availability. The gulls (Larus argentatus) of Dún Laoghaire Marina…

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