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Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, ESA has temporarily moved to a all-telework model. What this means ...

Public Affairs — Page 7

New danger for corals in warming oceans: Metal pollution

By Cornell University 11/20/2019 ITHACA, N.Y. -Metal copper from agricultural runoff and marine paint leaching from boat hulls poses an emerging threat to soft coral sea fans in the waters around Puerto Rico. In a Cornell-led study, published in the journal Ecological Applications, scientists report evidence of metal pollution creating danger for the soft coral sea fans. “We know warming oceans…

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Moose and sawflies on the same pine – how do they interact?

By Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 10/29/2019 Although common, indirect interactions between taxonomically distant herbivores, such as mammals and insects, are less studied than interaction between taxonomically related species (insect–insect). In this study the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and the Max Planck Institute for chemical ecology in Germany show that sawfly performance was enhanced on trees browsed by moose….

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ISU Professor Aho studies how airborne bacteria, fungi help it rain and snow

By Idaho State University 11/5/2019 POCATELLO – Most people don’t think of weather as having a biological component and aren’t aware of the role airborne bacteria and fungi have in helping create rain and snow. But Ken Aho, Idaho State University associate professor of biological sciences, studies this phenomenon. “Weather is not as simple as we think – it is…

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Satellites are key to monitoring ocean carbon

By University of Exeter 11/4/2019 Satellites now play a key role in monitoring carbon levels in the oceans, but we are only just beginning to understand their full potential. Our ability to predict future climate relies upon being able to monitor where our carbon emissions go. So we need to know how much stays in the atmosphere, or becomes stored in the oceans or…

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Best of Frenemies: Unexpected Role of Social Networks in Ecology

By UC Davis 11/1/2019 Social networking, even between competing species, plays a much bigger role in ecology than anyone previously thought, according to three biologists at the University of California, Davis.  “There’s mounting evidence that different species pay attention to each other in the wild, especially if they share predators,” said Mike Gil, postdoctoral researcher at UC Davis. “The theory…

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New studies attribute warming waters, local differences in oceanography to rise and fall of American lobster populations in the Gulf of Maine

By University of Maine 10/24/2019 Two new studies published by University of Maine scientists are putting a long-standing survey of the American lobster’s earliest life stages to its most rigorous test yet as an early warning system for trends in New England’s iconic fishery. The studies point to the role of a warming ocean and local differences in oceanography in…

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GBR island coral decline

By James Cook University 10/25/2019 A long-term study of coral cover on island groups of the Great Barrier Reef has found declines of between 40 and 50 percent of live, hard corals at inshore island groups during the past few decades. Scientists from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at James Cook University (Coral CoE at JCU)…

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UM Student Research Tests Ways to Reduce Errors in Wildlife Surveys

By Kasey Rahn, University of Montana 10/22/2019 MISSOULA – Research led by a University of Montana undergraduate student to identify less error-prone methods for performing wildlife surveys was published Oct. 20 in Ecological Applications. Biologists around the world use a variety of boots-on-the-ground field methods to survey animal populations. When extrapolated, these data provide population counts and other scientific information used to…

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Removing Invasive Mice from the Farallon Islands Would Benefit Threatened Birds

By Point Blue Conservation Science 10/7/2019 Petaluma, CA–New research from Point Blue Conservation Science shows the significant negative impact that invasive, non-native house mice on the Farallon Islands are having to the threatened ashy storm-petrel. Original modeling by ecologists published today in the journal Ecosphere shows the potential impacts to the petrel’s population if mice are allowed to remain. The…

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MSU researchers make surprising wolf diet discovery, highlight ecosystem complexities

By Mississippi State University 10/2/2019 STARKVILLE, Miss.—Mississippi State University researchers are shifting commonly held ideas about the diet of grey wolves in a newly published article gaining national attention. Published in the scientific journal “Ecology,” MSU assistant professor Brandon Barton’s Sept. 18 article “Grasshopper consumption by grey wolves and implications for ecosystems” details the unexpected effects of wolf reintroduction into the…

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