Below are biographies for the 30 participants in the Scaling Up Workshop on Population and Community Ecology for Early Career Scientists. Click here to view biographies for participants in the concurrent Student Workshop on the Future of Environmental Decisions.
Margaret E. Andrew is a Lecturer of Environmental and Conservation Sciences in the School of Veterinary and Life Sciences at Murdoch University in Western Australia. She has broad research interests in spatial ecology, spanning remote sensing, landscape ecology, biogeography, macroecology, conservation ecology, and natural resource management. Her research uses remote sensing and quantitative spatial analyses to study spatial patterns and dynamics of populations, ecological communities, and habitats over a range of scales. Much of her research has stemmed from the development and demonstration of broad-scale, spatially-explicit environmental monitoring frameworks using Earth observation data. Examples include the mapping and modeling of invasive species distributions, biodiversity, and ecosystem services, and applications of the ensuing data products to basic and applied ecological research. Margaret received a BS in Biological Sciences from Stanford University and a PhD in Ecology from the University of California Davis.
Christie Bahlai is a quantitative community ecologist and Research Associate in the Department of Entomology at Michigan State University. She is interested in how the dynamics between communities of species and environment affect the maintenance of biodiversity and trophic function in agroecosystems at broad spatial and temporal scales. She currently works with the NSF’s Long Term Ecological Research program and the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, examining patterns in diversity and biological control service in communities of ladybeetles relative to landscape structure and invasive species. Dr. Bahlai received her Ph.D. in Environmental Biology from the University of Guelph in 2012, where her thesis focused on compiling existing data into large scale datasets to gain greater insights into the biology of the invasive soybean aphid. She has worked as a consultant for the Nature Conservancy of Canada and sits on the board of Directors of the Entomological Society of Ontario.
I received my B.A. in Environmental Studies and Biology from the University of California at Santa Cruz in 2003 and my Ph.D. in Ecology and Evolution from Rutgers University in 2009. I currently am a postdoc at the Harvard Forest. In my research, I use computational and empirical approaches to study ecological networks, ecosystem thresholds, and biodiversity patterns. I am interested in how anthropogenic change influences the structure and dynamics of ecosystems at the local scale and how this translates to changes in large-scale biodiversity patterns. I develop computational models to explore the structure and dynamics of ecological networks and have worked with bird, plant, invertebrate, and protozoan communities in exciting locations such as the Florida Everglades, Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, and ombrotrophic bogs across Vermont and Massachusetts. In my spare time, I enjoy biking, hiking, snowboarding, and especially birding. When I can’t get outside, I enjoy listening to music and attempting to play the keyboard.
I am currently completely my PhD in the Graduate Group in Ecology at the University of California, Davis working with Professor Andrew J. Marshall in the Department of Anthropology. My interests span the fields of macroecology, community ecology, conservation biology and behavioral ecology, particularly in the tropics. My dissertation has addressed the determinants of tropical vertebrate community composition across spatial scales. While the starting point of this work has focused on primates, a major emphasis has been to situate our understanding of primate communities in a broader ecological context. The overarching goal of my research is thus to identify the processes that shape the structure of biological communities and to evaluate how community assembly varies across taxonomic groups, ecological systems and spatial scales. I am interested in the relative roles of dispersal limitation and competition in structuring communities, the causes of dispersal limitation and the effects of variation in dispersal abilities on plant communities. I am also interested in the extent to which primates compete with other vertebrates. Previous research has focused on the behavioral ecology of orangutans, specifically on competition between females, male reproductive strategies, and ranging behavior.
One of the central questions ecologists are tasked with addressing is: How will human activities alter future ecosystem dynamics and function? This broad question shapes my research interests and approaches. I am interested in understanding forest ecosystems and the processes that determine their composition, structure, and function. My work has focused on both individual- and population-level tree responses to global change, particularly species’ demographic responses to climate and competition. My research aims to understand the mechanisms by which tree species coexist and what this can tell us about future forest structure and dynamics. The application of mechanistic models as well as hierarchical Bayesian statistical models in my research allows for synthesizing diverse sources of empirical and theoretical information. Following my PhD work at Duke University in the Nicholas School of the Environment, the University program in Ecology, and the Statistical and Applied Mathematical Sciences Institute, I have continued my research as a NSF Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Biology at the University of Wyoming in the Department of Botany.
Jonathan (Yoni) Belmaker:
Yoni Belmaker graduated from Ben Gurion University , where he carried out his PhD research under the supervision of Dr. Yaron Ziv and Dr. Nadav Shashar studying the processes that influence the diversity of coral reef fishes. After submitting his dissertation, Yoni was awarded a Rothschild post-doctoral fellowship to study the global trait diversity of terrestrial vertebrates at Yale University with Dr. Walter Jetz. His study focused on assessing the ability to predict the composition, structure and function of vertebrate communities across scales. This global, synthetic view directly addresses the troubling gap between macroecological scales (100-200km) and the finer-scales where species interaction and conservation decisions take place. In his new position at Tel Aviv University, Yoni is once again studying fish. Nowhere is the native biota faced with changes that are more rapid than in the Eastern Mediterranean, where the continual influx of invasive Red Sea species, warming water temperature, overfishing and pollution are transforming fish diversity. Yoni is examining how these immense changes influence fish diversity, biogeography and, more generally, marine ecosystem services and function. Such understanding can be used to identify the consequences of these major changes to the integrity of the marine ecosystem.
I am an assistant professor of spatial ecology in the department of Environmental Conservation at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. I received my PhD in Geological Sciences from Brown University in 2006, where I worked primarily on satellite remote sensing of terrestrial ecosystems and empirical modeling of vegetation phenology across landscapes and regions. From 2006-2009, I was a postdoctoral researcher at Princeton University, modeling the effects of climate change on invasive plant distributions. I work at landscape and regional scales, and am interested in how terrestrial ecosystems respond to anthropogenically driven changes, particularly land use and global climate change. My work has a strong focus on invasive plants, with a goal of understanding invasion risk in the context of global change. I use primarily empirical modeling tools and have compiled a number of regional and landscape scale datasets of invasive species across the U.S. In relation to invasive plants, I am particularly interested in scaling of abundance and whether regional and landscape models can effectively predict the potential for invasive species impact at local scales. I am also very interested in trying to integrate and/or compare different empirical and mechanistic models to predict invasion risk.
I am interested in the ecological and evolutionary processes that shape plant form and function. In particular, I study how correlations among functional traits vary across populations, species, communities, clades and environments in an attempt to understand patterns of biodiversity, as well as the consequences of that diversity for ecosystem processes. I am beginning to couple broad-scale data resources (i.e. regional to global scale) such as species occurrence records, climate and vegetation models with more traditional community ecological and physiological approaches to predict responses to global environmental change across scales.
My experience in ecological research began with studying the invasive Chinese tallow tree as an undergraduate at Rice University. I conducted my PhD research on desert plant community structure and dynamics at Arizona State University, then completed a postdoc on biodiversity and ecosystem services in California grasslands at UC Berkeley. I am currently an Assistant Research Professor at Northern Arizona University.
I am interested in the application of large-scale and long-term monitoring data and experiments to address fundamental and applied questions in ecology and conservation biology, such as 1) How are plant species invasions mediated by environmental gradients and dispersal constraints and 2) How has vegetation composition changed in response to regional warming across the tundra biome. I received my bachelor’s and master’s degrees in Biology from Wesleyan University and my Ph.D. in Ecology from U.C. Davis. My dissertation work examined linkages between plant diversity and distribution patterns and spatial and temporal environmental heterogeneity in serpentine grasslands of the coast range of California. I then moved to the University of British Columbia for a postdoc, where I developed longstanding research collaborations exploring the response of tundra plant communities to climate change. I currently work as a staff scientist at the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON), and have a broad interest in documenting the drivers and responses of ecological change across the U.S.
I studied physics at the FU Berlin and at Uppsala University in Sweden, and then moved into ecology through a PhD in conservation science and further postdoctoral research in a project on tropical rainforests diversity patterns and neutral theory. At the moment, I’m a researcher at the University of Freiburg, which is located at the border of the beautiful “Black Forest”, in southern Germany. My main interest are the mechanisms that determine ecosystem functions and diversity patterns, at the levels of community ecology as well as at biogeographical and evolutionary scales, statistical methodology, conservation biology and ecological theory in general.
Shawn is an assistant professor in the Department of Biology at Memorial University of Newfoundland. He is an ecosystem ecologist with a strong interest in conservation ecology. Shawn’s lab conducts research on three main themes; 1) biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, 2) conservation planning in boreal ecosystems, and 3) biodiversity responses to climate change. His lab uses data synthesis, mathematical modelling, spatial analyses and field-based research in their studies. By participating in the ESA scaling-up workshop, Shawn hopes to explore the integration of ecological theories on species range shifts with large-scale species data sets in order to improve predictions of global change outcomes. You can find out more about Shawn’s research at: http://www.mun.ca/biology/sleroux/
I completed my BS at Villanova University, my MS at University of Michigan with Paul Webb and Phil Myers, and my PhD at University in Kansas under Bob Timm and Town Peterson. After Kansas, I was a postdoc at the University of Georgia with John Drake and now I am a postdoc at University of California Berkeley with Craig Moritz and Steve Beissinger. My research addresses mechanisms that drive patterns of diversity and richness through analysis of species’ occurrences and predictive modeling. In particular, I am interested in the shifting roles of biological and environmental interactions that mediate species’ distributions. I approach these questions at regional and broad geographic scales using a range of analytical techniques. Much of my work has focused on host-parasite and host-pathogen dynamics, as these are of ecological relevance and applicable to matters of public health. I also have worked extensively on questions regarding the potential distribution of species by implementing Species Distribution Models (SDMs). Currently, I am asking how 20th century climate has impacted small mammals and estimating how future changes will continue to influence their distribution within the Sierra Nevada.
Stephen Mayor has broad interests in biodiversity, biogeography, macroecology, conservation biology, community ecology. He recently completed his PhD at the University of Alberta (Canada), where he studied the impacts of human land use on boreal plant biodiversity and community structure across an area the size of Germany with both expansive national parks and rapidly expanding pressures of agriculture, forestry, and the oil sands.
Stephen is beginning a post-doctoral fellowship at the National Ecological Observation Network (NEON) following this workshop, and hopes to use this workshop to generate ideas on how to scale up from field data at 60 small, local sites to an understanding of continental ecological change.
Throughout his brief career, his work has increasingly ‘scaled up’ in organizational complexity from studies of populations, to metacommunities and now to multisystem ecological monitoring. The spatial scale of his studies has also expanded, from neighbourhood squirrel populations, to a large caribou herd, to a forest region the size of Germany, and now continent wide. ‘Scale’ has featured prominently in his work, be it testing the scales of anthropogenic disturbance influencing plant communities, developing methods to identify scales at which animals select habitat, or teasing apart ways in which population density depends on scale.
During my undergraduate at the University of North Carolina I conducted research on oak community assembly under Robert Peet and Peter White. Additionally, I participated in an REU at Blandy Experimental Farm where I worked on grassland restoration under Howard Epstein and David Carr. After my undergraduate work I pursed a PhD at Oklahoma State University with Michael Palmer. While in Oklahoma I developed several studies that combined my interests in tallgrass prairie restoration and spatio-temporal scaling of diversity. As a postdoc, I returned to the University of North Carolina to work Allen Hurlbert. We developed quantitative frameworks for understanding spatial patterns of biodiversity. Currently I am working as a postdoc with Ethan White at Utah State University. My collaborators at USU and I are developing and testing macroecological theories of community structure. My long-term research goal is to develop a better understanding of how the processes driving community structure and biodiversity change as a function of spatial and temporal scale.
I began a faculty position at Penn State University in the Department of Ecosystem Science and Management in January. Much of my recent work has focused on species occurrence modeling with an emphasis on dynamic approaches that utilize multi-year data sets and dealing with misclassification in publicly collected data. I have a couple of projects that involve using large-scale amphibian occurrence data sets to make inferences about broad-scale trends and the impact of climate across species ranges. This work has focused on dynamic approaches to estimation, where annual changes in local occurrence are matched to external process variables such as weather and patterns are observed in population across species’ ranges. I am also conducting research focused on determining large-scale processes affecting population dynamics of mourning doves. We are building spatially and temporally explicit models of demographic parameters for mourning doves using hierarchical approaches from data that spans the species’ range collected over the last decade. These will feed into spatially and temporally explicit population models that can be used to examine range-wide variation in life-history strategies, geographic variation in the impact of environmental factors such as weather, and scales across which annual population dynamics are correlated.
I am currently an assistant professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago. I received my Ph.D. from Duke University in 2006, and then spent two years as an NPER (National Parks Ecological Research) postdoctoral fellow at UMCES Appalachian Lab before coming to UIC. My research focuses on urban landscape ecology. In particular, I am interested in how plants and animals are distributed across cities and the processes that affect their distributions. I collect empirical field data but also make use of existing datasets, including citizen science and GIS datasets. I am especially interested in interactions between humans and their environment and how those interactions influence both biodiversity and human well-being.
Dr. Moran’s research interests center on how ecological and evolutionary processes interact to affect plant responses to environmental change. Dr. Moran graduated from the University of Michigan with a degree in biology in 2005, and completed her Ph.D. at Duke University in 2010. Her thesis project focused on seed dispersal, hybridization, and gene flow in oaks. Between 2010 and 2012 she was a postdoctoral fellow at the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS) in Tennessee. Currently she is a postdoctoral researcher at ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Her current research focuses on the role of genetic diversity in invasion success. Her research approaches integrate genetic and ecological field data through the use of Bayesian hierarchical modeling and simulation modeling in Matlab and R. Dr. Moran has been the recipient of multiple awards and honors including the Perry Prize for best thesis in the plant sciences at Duke University, a graduate fellowship from the Duke Center for Theoretical and Mathematical Sciences, and the NIMBioS postdoctoral Fellowship.
I am a theoretical ecologist, and my research focus is on the connections between macroecological patterns and the processes that underly these patterns. My experience links a doctoral background in theoretical physics, and postdoctoral work in ecology and complex systems, and I’ll be joining the faculty of the Department of Plant Biology and Institute for Genomic Biology at the University of Illinois this Fall. I work with data ranging from tropical forest communities, to plant and human host-associated microbial communities, and marine microbial data. These systems all have their own unique features and biology, and a common thread throughout my research is to understand both what is universal across these different systems, and also what are the signatures of their differences. At this workshop, I am looking forward to exploring what phylogenetic patterns and more general currencies of biodiversity can tell us about ecological processes at large scales.
My research explores plant-insect interactions in light of changing plant communities. Across the globe plant communities are changing due to climate-related range shifts, plant invasions, and the extinction of local plant species. This exposes herbivorous insects to a novel host community. I have conducted this research across multiple scales by focusing on individual interactions at a single locality, conducting surveys of novel herbivore-plant interactions across North America, and creating broad predictive models that may be able to forecast novel interactions across many ecosystems. My research has used several plant-herbivore systems for exploring these topics, including common gardens of oak trees, moth-host plant food webs, willows, and herbivore interactions with several forbs. I have conducted this research throughout North America, focusing on the west coast as a graduate student at UC Davis and postdoctoral researcher at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.
I am an assistant professor in the Biology Department at Stanford University. My research focuses on the biology & ecology of symbiotic interactions. I study one of the most pervasive forms of symbiosis in terrestrial ecosystems – the mutualistic association between soil fungi and plant roots known as mycorrhizal symbiosis. Mycorrhizal fungi are incredibly diverse and are among the primary agents of carbon and nutrient cycling in soils. As the primary mechanism for plant nutrient uptake they contribute immensely to shaping the plant communities that define our natural ecosystems. In my work, I take advantage of advances in genomic technologies and apply these techniques to characterize mycorrhizal fungal communities using DNA barcodes. By studying these organisms I try to elucidate the ecological processes that structure natural communities and the links between community structure and the cycling of nutrients and energy. I work at multiples spatial-scales, looking both at how these fungi interact with their plant hosts at the scale of individual root systems as well as comparing mycorrhizal communities across diverse biomes, ranging from the tropics to the boreal. By integrating these diverse spatial scales I hope to build a ‘roots-to-biomes’ understanding of plant-microbe symbiosis and a better understanding of the biogeography of ecosystem function.
Sydne is interested in improving forecasts of tropical and temperate forest responses to climatic change using insights from ecological theory, human geography, Bayesian statistics, and paleoecology. She received her PhD in the fall of 2010 from the University of Massachusetts Amherst advised by Aaron Ellison. Currently Sydne is a Postdoctoral Fellow in the labs of Drs. Rich Kobe and Andrew Finley in the Departments of Geography and Forestry at Michigan State University. Sydne also maintains a Research Associate position at Harvard University’s Harvard Forest, a Long Term Ecological Research Site and the National Ecological Observatory Network’s Northeast Domain.
I am a postdoctoral ecologist at UC Santa Barbara, where I completed my PhD in December, 2012. I am interested in understanding how soils, plants, and microbial communities respond to environmental change, and how these biogeochemical changes can feedback to affect larger-scale ecosystem processes. My current research focuses on characterizing the coupled responses of arctic plants and soils to warming. High latitudes are a particularly critical component of the global carbon cycle, because they store nearly half of the world’s soil carbon and are experiencing unprecedented rates of warming, which may increase the release of greenhouse gasses due to accelerated decomposition. However, a suite of stabilizing and destabilizing feedbacks among the plant community, the soil system, and altered phenological cues complicates projecting the future carbon balance of warming arctic systems. I am working to identify: (1) How these feedbacks are mediated though seasonal interactions among the plant community, decomposers, and abiotic conditions; and; (2) The consequences of these feedbacks on sustained arctic carbon storage. My research combines biogeochemistry, microbial ecology, mechanistic modeling, and field studies. I am also interested in improving science education and the implementation of scientific knowledge in decision-making and conservation efforts.
My interest in ecology began in an unusual place – while conducting training missions in the U.S. Army Infantry. Many of our training mission involved silently waiting for countless hours in relatively undisturbed natural areas. During those hours I would observe these natural areas and wonder about the plants and animals I saw. After leaving the Army I attended the University of Washington where I had the opportunity to work as a field assistant on a study of primary succession on Mt. St. Helens. Seeing firsthand how the plant communities were returning after the eruption sparked my interest in community assembly. Wanting to better understand community assembly, I pursued a Ph.D. with Katherine Suding at UC-Irvine where I used taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic approaches to explore community assembly mechanisms at multiple scales in alpine tundra. As a post-doc with Susan Harrison at UC-Davis, I tested how biotic interactions and belowground feedbacks influenced the population success of plant species relocated to cooler microrefugia from climate change. I recently began my second post-doc with Jonathan Myers at Washington University where I will be exploring how the size and composition of regional species pools influence patterns of alpha and beta diversity.
I am an aquatic ecologist and my research examines the mechanisms by which anthropogenic stressors alter aquatic food web structure and function, using the lens of community ecology as a focal point. In particular, I have focused on invasive species, climate change, and habitat fragmentation as critical drivers of changes in biodiversity patterns across taxonomic, functional, and phylogenetic levels. I received my B.Sc. (Honours) in Biology from the University of Regina in Regina, Saskatchewan (Canada), where my thesis examined climate effects on alpine pond communities. I earned my Ph.D. in Biology from Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario (Canada), where my dissertation investigated the effects of an invasive invertebrate predator on community structure and ecosystem structure in lakes at multiple spatial scales. I completed post-doctoral fellowships in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Toronto and the School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences at the University of Washington. I am currently a tenure-track assistant professor at Portland State University in the Department of Environmental Science and Management in Portland, Oregon, where I lead the Aquatic Ecology Lab and am assistant director of the Center for Lakes and Reservoirs.
I am the vertebrate ecologist at the National Ecological Observatory Network, responsible for designing and implementing the small mammal and breeding landbird abundance and diversity sampling for the Observatory. I have been a proponent of open science and long-term studies and interested in broad ecological questions throughout my career, so I am excited to be a part of building the biggest ecological research project ever. Prior to NEON, I was a postdoctoral fellow in macroecology at Utah State University, working with the Weecology group led by Drs. Morgan Ernest and Ethan White. I earned my Ph.D. at the University of New Mexico in 2006, studying the temporal dynamics in the structure and function of the desert rodent community at Jim Brown’s LTREB site near Portal, AZ. Concurrently, I also conducted field research on bats throughout the public lands of NM. I am interested in the mechanisms underlying community assembly across space and time and, therefore, biodiversity and dynamics in this changing world. To this end, I have used a combination of field techniques and ecoinformatics, involving such databases as the Breeding Bird Survey and Forest Inventory Analysis, as well as leading the effort to create the first mammal community database.
Morgan Tingley is a David H. Smith Conservation Research Fellow and post-doctoral researcher with the Program in Science, Technology and Environmental Policy in the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University. In 2011, he received his Ph.D. in Environmental Science, Policy and Management from the University of California, Berkeley and in 2004, an M.Sc. in Zoology from Oxford University. His interests focus on bird community ecology, and the environmental and anthropogenic factors that cause changes in bird distributions and community assemblages over time. His research uses both presence-absence and presence-only datasets, collected from historical surveys and occurrence databases, to test for impacts of climate change, invasive species, and land-use change on long-term range dynamics and community processes.
Mao-Ning Tuanmu is a Postdoctoral Associate in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Yale University. He received his PhD in Fisheries and Wildlife from Michigan State University and MS and BS in Zoology from National Taiwan University, Taiwan, where he is native. His research interests are oriented towards the integration of remote sensing technology and spatially explicit models for characterizing spatiotemporal dynamics of biodiversity patterns, understanding their underlying processes and drivers, and guiding biodiversity conservation in the face of environmental changes. Using satellite-based habitat models, his PhD research investigated how human activities have driven habitat dynamics of the giant panda in China and how climate change would further threaten the survival of this endangered species. In his postdoctoral research, he has been developing remote sensing-based metrics to quantify spatial and temporal heterogeneity of species habitat and studying how habitat heterogeneity determines global biodiversity patterns.
My research interests encompass conservation biology, quantitative ecology, climate change, and population dynamics. I am particularly interested in management strategies for migratory species, and ecosystem service work. I am currently an Assistant Research Scientist in the School of Natural Resources and the Environment at the University of Arizona, and a Post-doctoral Research Fellow with the USGS Powell Center for Analysis & Synthesis. I am working on modeling migratory patterns of Mexican free-tailed bats and the ecosystem services they provide. I am also coordinating our USGS Powell Center working group’s efforts to model spatial subsidies in Mexican free-tailed bats, Monarch butterflies, and Pintail ducks. I received a B.A. from the University of California–Berkeley in Integrative Biology and a Masters at the Pierre and Marie Curie University in Biodiversity, Ecology, and Evolution. I completed my Ph.D. studies in Ecology at Pennsylvania State University. My dissertation research investigated the effects of climate change on primate population dynamics and reproduction, and the effects of reserve areas on hunting sustainability in primate populations. I also held a postdoctoral position at the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center in Laurel, Maryland where I modeled the effects of climate change and management strategies on endangered amphibian populations.
Dr. John Withey is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Florida International University. John received his B.A. in Biology from Pomona College in 1991 and spent several years doing field work on various research projects across the western U.S. and Central America, as well as doing environmental education in Panama for the Peace Corps (1994-96). John did his graduate work (M.S. and Ph.D.) at the University of Washington, studying population dynamics and behavior of urban crows in Seattle and joining an interdisciplinary team to investigate urban forest function. In 2007 he dispersed to the tropics for a postdoc in Panama to study forest songbirds in fragmented landscapes. He then scaled up in his research, returning to UW as a postdoc to work with Dr. Josh Lawler modeling vertebrate species responses to projected land-use change in the continental United States. At FIU he is studying the selection and use of terrestrial habitats by migratory songbirds across an urban gradient, and continues his modeling work at regional to continental scales.
Phoebe studies how climate change and species invasions affect species distributions and the composition of ecological communities. Interactions among species (e.g., competition, predation, mutualism) are fundamental to species’ distributions and the composition of ecological communities. However, current methods predicting the effects of climate change on species often take a single-species approach and leave out these important interactions. As a Yale Climate & Energy Institute postdoctoral fellow, Phoebe is taking community-level approaches to modeling that incorporate multiple interacting species – including statistical models and multi-trophic numerical models. Example data come from the US Breeding Bird Survey and LTER network. Ultimately, these models will improve our ability to predict the effects of climate change on species and ecological communities, and will identify which types of species interactions could mediate or exacerbate these effects. These models will also help inform species conservation and management strategies both currently and into the future. Phoebe also studies the intersection of invasive species, ecosystem services, and climate change on coastal dune systems. Phoebe has a Ph.D. in Zoology from Oregon State University, a Masters in Ecology from Utah State University, and a B.A. in Biology and Environmental Science from Colby College. http://environment.yale.edu/skelly/pzarnetske