The National Park Service (NPS), National Park Foundation (NPF), and Ecological Society of America (ESA) are pleased to announce the 2005 National Parks Ecological Research (NPER) Fellowship Program. The program encourages and supports outstanding post-doctoral research in ecological sciences related to the flora of U.S. National Parks. For the purpose of this program, National Parks refer to all sites administered by the National Park System including national parks, monuments, preserves, reserves, lakeshores, seashores, rivers and scenic riverways, trails, historic sites, military parks, and battlefields. The program has been funded through a generous grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.