include a 17 page Conference Summary Statement (available as
stand-alone (pdf) and the list paper in the Contributed Papers), a 70 page Conference
Report (pdf), Contributed Papers published by A.A. Balkema & TheScientificWorld,
and publication of plenary papers in a Special Issue of the journal Ambio
(March 2001, in English & Chinese). NitroGenius, a nitrogen decision
support interactive computer simulation game. The findings of the Conference
are being disseminated through Post Conference Activities that include
distribution of the products and a series of targeted briefings for decision
Summary Statement (pdf)
(hard copies available through ESA email@example.com):
Cowling, E. B., Galloway, J. N., Furiness, C. S., Barber, M.C., Bresser,
Cassman, K., Erisman, J. W., Haeuber, R., Howarth, R.I, Melillo, J.,
Moomaw, W., Mosier, A., Sanders, K., Seitzinger, S., Smeulders, S.,
Socolow, R., Walters, D., West, F., and Zhu, Z. 2001. Optimizing Nitrogen
Management in Food and Energy Production and Environmental
Protection: Summary Statement from the Second International Nitrogen
Conference, October 14-18, 2001. Ecological Society of America,
Washington, DC. 17 pp.
Cowling, E. B., Galloway, J. N., Furiness, C. S., and Erisman, J. W. 2002.
Optimizing Nitrogen Management in Food and Energy Production and Environmental
Protection: Report from the Second International Nitrogen Conference,
October 14-18, 2001. Ecological Society of America, Washington, DC. 70
Program and Abstracts (pdf):
Ecological Society of America. 2001. Program and Abstracts for the Second
International Nitrogen Conference. http://n2001.esa.org
Galloway, J. N., Cowling, E. B., Erisman, J. W., Wisniewski, J., and Jordan,
C. (eds). 2002. Optimizing Nitrogen Management in Food and Energy Production
and Environmental Protection: Contributed papers of the Second International
Nitrogen Conference, Potomac, MD, 14-18 October 2001. Publisher: A.A.
Balkema & TheScientificWorld. ISBN: 90 265 1927 3. 1033pp.
in Special Issue of Ambio:
Galloway, J. N., and Cowling, E. B., (eds).
2002. Plenary Papers of the 2nd International Nitrogen Conference, Potomac,
MD, 14-18 October 2001. Ambio 31.
Paper on Air Quality Management in Swine Industry (pdf)
"Air Emission from Swine Production Facilities: Assessment of Science
and Market-Based Solutions." An analysis and assessment of current
and future air quality management concerns now facing the swine industry.
Emphasis will be given to both the existing and potential technical (science-based)
policy options and economic (market-based) policy possibilities for improving
the management of air emissions at swine rearing and processing facilities.
NitroGenius, is an
interactive game computer simulation game that helps environmental managers
and stakeholders: 1) understand the complexity of nitrogen-management
problems, 2) learn to choose among available control measures, and 3)
improve communication among stakeholders. NitoGenius was developed by
the Dutch government for the Second International Nitrogen Conference
to help solve the Dutch nitrogen problem. Fifty sessions of the game were
played at the Conference with participants taking the roles of government,
industry, and NGOs. For further information and to download a free demo
version at http://www.nitrogenius.com/
Post Conference Activities
To ensure an enduring
influence of the Second International Nitrogen Conference on the nitrogen-relevant
research and policy communities in the US and abroad, a series of post
conference activities have taken place and continue for leaders in federal,
state, and provincial agencies, Congressional and Parliamentary leaders,
universities, and Science and Agriculture Attachés in various embassies
in Washington DC. These briefings are based on the Conference
Summary Statement (pdf), and the plenary presentations, contributed
paper and poster presentations, and round-table discussions that took
place at the Conference. These briefings are a critical mechanisms of
communication with science and policy leaders in industry, government,
and public-interest groups concerned with food and energy production and
Some of the N2001
post-conference activities that have taken place:
- Speech at the August 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development,
"Nitrogen in the Netherlands", given by the Dutch secretary of state for
the environment Pieter van Geel.
- Adaptation of integrated approach
towards reactive nitrogen compounds by the directors for the environment
of the Dutch ministry for the environment, to be worked out in 2003.
Research project that calculated nitrogen emission ceilings on a
regional scale for the Netherlands, initiated by regional authorities.
- Briefing with Dr. Keith Collins, Chief Economist of USDA on April
- Briefing for leaders within the Environmental Affairs Office within
the Attorney General's Office for the State of North Carolina in Raleigh,
NC on September 4, 2002.
- Briefing for leaders within the Department of Environment and Natural
Resources, State of North Carolina in Raleigh, NC on September 18, 2002.
- Workshop titled "Nitrogen Management for Food Security and Ecosystem
Security" held as part of the Science Forum associated with the
World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg August 29, 2002.
- Symposium for Washington DC government, NGO and industry representatives
February 26, 2002 at the National Academy of Sciences
- Poster entitled at the Capital Hill exhibition and reception of the
Coalition for National Science Funding on May 15, 2002, Washington DC.
- Presentation at the Annual Meeting of The Fertilizer Institute in
- Presentation at USDA on April 13, 2002.
- Presentation at a southern regional Workshop titled "From Brown
to Green: Environmental and Biological Aspects of Applying Agricultural
and Municipal By-Products to Forest Stands." Sponsored by the Cooperative
Extension Service at North Caroline State University on May 29-30, 2000.
- Presentation of at an National Science Foundation Workshop on "Environmentally
Benign Process Research Needs" at Hancock, Massachusetts on August
- Presentation at an Agrochemical Division Symposium at the Annual Meeting
of the American Chemical Society in Boston, Massachusetts on August
- Presentation at the Annual meeting of the National Atmospheric Deposition
Program in Seattle Washington on September 12, 2002.
- Symposium at February 2003 AAAS meeting in Denver Colorado "Meeting the
Nitrogen Management Challenge: Arresting the Nitrogen Cascade" (Presentation
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