Here are some highlights from the latest ESA Policy News by Science Policy Analyst Terence Houston. Read the full Policy News here.
BUDGET: CONGRESS PASSES BILL TO SUSPEND DEBT CEILING TEMPORARILY
On Jan. 23, the House passed H.R. 325, the No Budget, No Pay Act. The bill would temporarily eliminate the debt ceiling until May 19 while temporarily suspending pay for Members of Congress until the House and Senate each pass a budget. The measure prevents the nation from defaulting on its debt, potentially into August if the US Department of Treasury takes extraordinary measures.
The bill gives additional breathing room to a series of fiscal debates set to occur in March concerning budget sequestration and continuing appropriations for Fiscal Year 2013. A trigger of automatic across-the-board spending cuts to both defense and non-defense discretionary spending programs will occur on March 1 unless Congress can come up with a plan to reduce the debt beforehand.
Under H.R. 325, if either the House or Senate fails to pass a budget by the April 15 deadline, all income earned by the members of that chamber would be set aside. The members pay would be received in full once a budget is passed or on the final day of the 113th Congress at the end of calendar year 2014. The technical decision to withhold members pay as opposed to eliminating it indefinitely seeks to minimize conflicts with the 27th Amendment to the US Constitution, which prevents Congress from changing its pay after it has already convened. The bill also does not require both the House and Senate to pass the same budget, unlikely to occur, given the current party division between the two chambers.
Murray takes Senate Budget Committee reins
A new key player in federal debt talks this year will be Sen. Patty Murray (D-WA), who assumes the chairmanship of the Senate Budget Committee. Even before the House legislation was finalized, Chairwoman Murray had pledged that the Senate would put forward and pass a budget this year, which would mark the first time the Senate has passed a budget since 2009.
The Senate Budget Committee has posted a site that allows individuals to solicit their ideas on how to achieve fiscal reform as well as share stories of how federal investment has impacted them. To view the site and offer comments, click here.
WHITE HOUSE: PRESIDENT EMPHASIZES NEED TO ADDRESS CLIMATE CHANGE IN SECOND INAUGURAL ADDRESS
After a year of relative silence on the issue of climate change, President Obama gave the topic center stage in his second inaugural address.
“We will respond to the threat of climate change, knowing that the failure to do so would betray our children and future generations,” said President Obama. “Some may still deny the overwhelming judgment of science, but none can avoid the devastating impact of raging fires, and crippling drought, and more powerful storms.”
The president also spoke of how investing in renewable energy can help sustain the US economy as well as maintain its global competitiveness and encouraged environmental stewardship from the perspective of a religious calling. “The path towards sustainable energy sources will be long and sometimes difficult. But America cannot resist this transition; we must lead it. We cannot cede to other nations the technology that will power new jobs and new industries – we must claim its promise,” he said. “That is how we will maintain our economic vitality and our national treasure – our forests and waterways; our croplands and snowcapped peaks. That is how we will preserve our planet, commanded to our care by God. That’s what will lend meaning to the creed our fathers once declared.”
FOREIGN AFFAIRS: KERRY EXPECTED TO PRIORITIZE CLIMATE ISSUES AT STATE DEPT
On Jan. 30, the Senate overwhelming voted to confirm former Senator John Kerry (D-MA) to succeed Hillary Rodham Clinton as Secretary of State by a vote of 94-3. The only “nay” votes came from Sens. Jon Coryn (R-TX), Ted Cruz (R-TX) and James Inhofe (R-OK).
During his decades in the Senate, Kerry has been a leader in efforts to mitigate the impacts of climate change. When the House passed comprehensive climate change legislation in 2009, Kerry led the unsuccessful effort to pass similar legislation in the Senate. A former chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he has attended numerous meetings of the United Nation’s Framework Convention on Climate Change to advocate for global action on the issue.
Kerry’s confirmation hearing in the Senate offered a window into his environmental priorities at the state department. Upon questioning from Senators on his climate change advocacy, he affirmed that pursuing efforts to deter the impacts of climate change will not disadvantage the United States and went as far as contending that advocating investment in clean energy policy is something he would spend a great deal of time on during his tenure. “The solution to climate change is energy policy…I’ll be a passionate advocate, but not based on ideology, based on fact, based on science,” Kerry said.
The Senate Foreign Relations Committee nominating hearing for Kerry is available here.
CLIMATE CHANGE: CONGRESSIONAL TASK FORCE REACHES OUT TO BUSINESS COMMUNITY
On Jan. 31, a newly formed bicameral congressional taskforce issued a letter to a wide array of business and industry organizations requesting their input on mitigating the impacts of climate change.
The letter was spearheaded by Rep. Henry Waxman (D-CA) and Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI), co-chairs of the Bicameral Task Force on Climate Change. Recipients include over 300 businesses and organizations spanning a diverse set of interests including auto manufacturers, defense contractors, environmental groups, energy companies, food companies, retailers, national sports leagues, think tanks and universities.
“The recent draft report of the National Climate Assessment is the latest comprehensive study to confirm that climate change is occurring, that it is caused by human activity, and that its dangerous impacts are pervasive,” the letter asserts. “The consequences of climate change are disruptive and wide-ranging, from extreme heat and sea level rise to droughts and wildfires.”
FWS: COASTAL WETLANDS RECEIVE $20 MILLION IN RESTORATION GRANTS
On Jan. 24, the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) announced $20 million in grants to 24 coastal wetland restoration projects across 13 states and territories.
According to FWS, while wetlands make up only 10 percent of the nation’s land area, they provide habitat for 75 percent of migratory birds, nearly 80 percent of fish and shellfish in the United States, and half of all threatened and endangered species. The federal funding will be matched by $21.3 million in partner contributions from state and local governments, private landowners and conservation groups.
States and territory recipients of the grants include American Samoa, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Ohio, Oregon, Texas, Washington and Wisconsin. For a full list of project recipients, click here.
PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITY: MARINE MAMMALS AT RISK UNDER NAVY TRAINING PROPOSAL
On Jan. 24, the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration’s National Marine Fisheries Service proposed two rules that would allow millions of marine mammals to be harmed during Navy training in the Atlantic as well as in training ranges in Hawaii and Southern California.
According to the Natural Resources Defense Council, the rule would allow the Navy to engage in training operations that could harass, injure or kill dolphins, whales, seals and other marine mammals over 31 separate instances between 2014-2019. The total instances of disruption amount to three times what the Navy was granted in the previous five year period.
Navy officials contend that their operations include protective measures to minimize harm to marine mammals. These include placing lookouts onboard ships to watch for marine life and power down operations if marine mammals are sighted and restricting activities in migratory routes and sensitive areas. Environmental groups contend these measures are inadequate and are seeking additional actions, including the exclusion of ocean areas with critical marine mammal habitat.
Comments on the proposals should be sent to the following address:
P. Michael Payne, Chief, Permits and Conservation Division
Office of Protected Resources
National Marine Fisheries Service
1315 East-West Highway
Silver Spring MD 20910-3225
Electronic comments on the proposals can be sent via the Federal eRulemaking Portal http://www.regulations.gov using the identifier “0648-BC82” for the Atlantic rulemaking and the identifier “0648-BC52” for the Pacific rulemaking. Comments must be received by March 11, 2013.
POLICY ENGAGEMENT: ESA ANNOUNCES 2013 GSPA RECIPIENTS
The Ecological Society of America has announced the 2013 recipients of its annual Graduate Student Policy Award: Matthew Berg (Texas A&M University), Lindsay Deel (West Virginia University), Caitlin McDonough MacKenzie (Boston University) and Carlos Silva (University of Maryland). The four students will travel to Washington, DC to participate in policy training sessions as well as meetings with decision-makers on Capitol Hill in April.
Berg has spent years working with a variety of local landowners and natural resource managers in central Texas on ecological issues related to water supply and drought, agriculture, energy and water quality. Deel’s environmental geography work focuses on developing new satellite imagery-based measurements to track and manage nutrient pollution from forested areas within the Chesapeake Bay watershed. McDonough MacKenzie is researching climate change impacts on plant communities in Acadia National Park to better equip park managers to mitigate the impacts of climate change. Silva’s Ph.D. research focuses on remote sensing of tropical rainforest structure and dynamics and he holds a master’s degree in economics and public policy.
The two-day event is sponsored by the Biological Ecological Sciences Coalition, co-chaired by ESA. For additional information on this year’s GSPA recipients, click here.