What Are Ecosystem Services?

What Is Pollination?

Who Are the Pollinators?
Managed and Feral Honeybees
Wild Pollinators

Valuation of Pollination Services
Economic Considerations
Non-economic Considerations

Pollinators in Decline — Causes
Habitat Loss and Fragmentation
Agricultural and Grazing Practices
Pesticides
Introduced Species

Pollinators in Decline — What Can Be Done?
Policy and Management
Research Needs

Conclusions

Sources