Asian Ecology Section of the Ecological Society of America


Volume 2, No. 1, June 1998


1. Asian Ecology Section 1997 Annual Report.

During 1996-1997, the Asian Ecology Section (AES) has published its first newsletter. The newsletter was distributed around the world in January, and well received by our more than 100 members. The newsletter is also on the AES web site ( http://ae.tamu.edu/index.html ).

In March 1997, the section completed the election of new Chair and Secretary. Dr. Xinyuan Wu of Texas A & M University and Dr. Xiaoming Zou of the University of Puerto Rico were elected as Chair and Secretary, respectively, for the 1997-98 term of the section. The election results have been announced on ECOLOG-L and the ESA newsletter (No 53).

Sponsored by AES, Drs. Yude Pan, Paul P. Mou and J. A. Melillo submitted a symposium proposal titled as "Accelerated Changes in Asian Ecosystems: the Consequences of Human Actions and Economic Development". The ESA program committee approved the proposal and seven speakers from Japan, China (including Taiwan) and USA were invited. The symposium was held successfully at 1997 ESA annual meeting in Albuquerque, NM (see News from ESA meeting in this issue). A social gathering of the AES was also organized in La Posada Hotal following the symposium on August 13, 1997. More than 60 ESA members attended the gathering. During the gathering, members were very active in discussing AES business, exchanging research ideas and renewing friendship.

A web page of the AES is currently under construction, which will serve as the information center to further promote communication between ecologists in Asian countries and in the US. The section's Chair-elect, Dr. Xinyuan Wu has taken charge of this task. Members of the AES will be informed on this issue (see item 5 in this issue).

In the future, the AES will continue to support the symposiums on Asian ecological issues at the ESA annual meetings and to facilitate scientific exchanges and collaborative studies between ESA members and their colleagues in Asian countries. We believe that global ecological problem can only be solved by global collaboration, and the AES is determined to make contribution to this cause. (From Paul Mou and Ting Dai, former Chair and Secretary of the Asian Ecology Section)

2. News from the ESA meeting: AES symposium held successfully.

The Asian Ecology Section held its second annual symposium at 1997 ESA annual meeting in Albuquerque, NM. The symposium "Accelerated Changes in Asian Ecosystems: the Consequences of Human Actions and Economic Development", presided by Drs. Paul P. Mou and Jiquan Chen, was well received by ecologists from around the world. Here is the list of speakers with the topics of their excellent talks:

Jerry, Melillo (Marine Biology laboratory, MA, USA): Introduction to N cycle in China.

David Schimel (National Center for Atmosphere Research, CO, USA): China-US N cycle comparison.

Dennis Ojima (Colorado State U, CO): Land use in temperate East Asia.

Guanghui Lin (Biosphere 2, AZ, USA): Effect of sweage discharge on a mangrove forest in China.

Nobukazu Nakagoshi (Hiroshima U., Hiroshima, Japan): Natural and historical disturbances in forest ecosystems in Japan.

Sui-Li Huang (National Chung-Hsing University, Taipei, China): Urban ecosystem and indicators of sustainable urban development for Taipei.

Changman Won (Forestry Research Institute, Seoul, South Korea): History and current status of the terrestrial mammals of the Korean Peninsula.

Andrew Smith (Arizona State U., AZ, USA): Bio-diversity on the roof of the world: Strategies for sustainability.

Readers are encouraged to contact the above speakers for further discussion and possible collaboration. We deeply appreciate their efforts and contribution in bringing ecological studies in Asia to the attention of ecologists in the USA. (From Ting Dai,)

3. AES Web Page

Our web page ( http://www.esa.org/asian/ ) is up and includes information on AES bylaws, officers, membership, newsletters, sponsored symposia, as well as information on organizations, research institutes, meetings and relevant web links related to Asian ecology. Please check it out and email your suggestions and comments to "b-wu@tamu.edu". We need your help to make our web page a truly useful information center for our AES members and anyone interested in Asian ecology. Please send us information on web pages you know that are related to Asian ecology. For information not yet available on the web, such as information on institutes, research projects and programs, and meeting announcements that are related to Asian ecology, please email us a short description (with contact information). Thank you in advance! (From Xinyuan Wu)

4. The World's Largest Dam Under Construction!

At the time you read this, the mighty Yangtze River (China) ¾ the world third largest river ¾ may have already been blocked for the construction of the world's largest dam, the Three Gorges Dam. If completed in the year 2010, the dam will be 2 kilometers long and 175 meters high, and its reservoir (capacity: 4X1010 m3) will stretch over 600 kilometers upstream and force the displacement of 1.2 million people. Advocates say that the Three Gorges Dam will prevent devastating floods, generate clean hydropower, improve the navigation, and accelerate the overall economic development in central China. Many people, however, worry about the dam's possible catastrophic and environmental effects including earthquake and landslide, water quality deterioration, sediment accumulation, seawater intrusion, endemic species extinction, and the destruction of numerous cultural and historic relics. Moreover, the dam itself may become the strategic military target. Nevertheless the construction of the Three Gorges Dam has attracted the attention of the whole world. If you are interested in this issue, we have found the following two web sites very useful in providing detailed information and analyses of the Three Gorges Dam project.

http://www.irn.org/irn/programs/3g/index.html ; http://gurukul.ucc.american.edu/TED/THREEDAM.HTM  (from Ting Dai)

5. US LTER Young Scientists Visit Taiwan and China

Twenty US graduate students will visit Taiwan and China during June 5-27, 1998. These students were selected from applicants representing the 20 Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites from US. They will visit two sites of the Taiwan Ecological Research Network (TERN) and three sites of the Chinese Ecological Research Network (CERN). For further information on international ecological research programs, please visit:

http://lternet.edu/ilter/ (From Xiaoming Zou)

6. AES Election

We have been behind schedule in our elections for the last several years. In order to get our elections back on schedule, we are having a combined election: election of Chair-Elect for 1997-98 and the election of Chair-Elect and Secretary for 1998-99. The ballot is enclosed in this newsletter.

We have only one candidate, Dr. Weixin Cheng, for the Chair-Elect for 1997-98. Three other AES members were nominated but decided they could not run this time. There is an option of write-in included in the ballot.

Please email your vote by email to both Xinyuan Wu (b-wu@tamu.edu) and Xiaoming Zou (xzou@SUNCEER.upr.clu.edu) by July 15, 1998. Alternatively, you can send your vote via postal mail to Dr. Xiaoming Zou and it needs to be received by July 15, 1998.

Following are the biographical information and statements of the candidates:

Dr. Jacoby Carter is an Ecologist with USGS-National Wetlands Research Center in Lafayette, LA since 1995. He Received his B.S. in Botany from University of Washington at Seattle, M.S. in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology from Cornell University, and Ph.D. in Wildlife Management from University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Following is his campaign statement:

My specialty is ecological simulation models. I have done both population dynamic models and animal behavior models. My field experience includes habitat assessment for salmon and sturgeon, gradient analysis of mountain wetland systems, animal behavior studies (mountain goats), estuary research, and animal telemetry studies (stripped skunks). I therefore have direct experience with a wide variety of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and organism.

I have been interested in Asian ecology and environmental issues for many years and I joined the Asian ecology section as soon as I learned of its existence. I have worked as an observer on Japanese fishing boats and developed, with Chinese colleagues, a giant panda-bamboo biomass model. I have also been to Japan twice. On a personal note my wife of 12 years is Japanese and I have many friendships with scientists from Japan and China. I have also studied Japanese (one year). I actively keep up with political, economic, and environmental developments in Asia.

As secretary I will work diligently to maintain the lines of communication between the officers of the Asian Ecology Section and the membership. I am currently membership chair for the local chapter of the Sierra Club. In that capacity I have gained experience in doing mailings, keeping track of membership lists, and assisted in the putting together of newsletters. Therefore, I feel that my interests, together with my practical experience will make me an effective secretary for the Asian Ecology Section.

Dr. Weixin Cheng is an Associate Research Professor in the Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute, and Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada. He received his PhD degree in Ecology from University of Georgia (1989) and his BS degree in Agronomy from Northeast Agricultural College, China (1982). He did his post-doctoral studies in University of Georgia and San Diego State University, and worked as an Assistant Research Scientist in University of Georgia before he joint the faculty of Desert Research Institute. Among Dr. Cheng's research interests are soil ecology, plant-soil interactions, and effect of global change on soil C and N dynamics. He has published 19 refereed journal articles and 6 book chapters, and co-edited 2 books. He teaches environmental microbiology.

Dr. Shuijin Hu is a National Science Foundation postdoctoral fellow in Biosciences at the University of California at Berkeley, investigating ecosystem (belowground ecosystem in particular) responses to elevated CO2. He received his Ph.D. in ecology at the University of Georgia, where he also served as the president of the Student Union of China, the largest foreign student organization on the campus with over 300 members. His research interests include global change, sustainable agriculture, soil/water quality and conservation, and international agriculture. Shuijin currently has three active grants on plant and microbial feedbacks to elevated atmospheric CO2 and effects of organic contaminants on microbial community structure and functions. He has authored or co-authored nearly 30 peer-reviewed papers and book chapters. He has also edited or co-edited two books (in Chinese), each on ecology and biotechnology and sustainable agriculture. He has received many academic awards from various organizations (including NSF, NSF China, ESA) and a service award from the USDA. His campaign statement is: To serve is the highest honor!

Dr. Jan Salick is Associate Professor of Tropical Ecology and Conservation at Ohio University. She is currently President of the Society for Economic Botany, and active within the ESA; the Southeast Asia Group at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; the Association for Tropical Biology (ATB); and the Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS). She has been elected Fellow of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and the Linnean Society, London. Her research and publications are on Ecological Ethnobotany which applies ecological theory, methods and analyses to plant/people interactions. She began working in Southeast Asia as a Research Officer at the Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM), 1973-76. Since that time she has worked periodically Indonesia and Malaysia, most recently on the "Ecological Ethnobotany of the Dususn of Mt. Kinabalu." She has also worked in South and Central America and Africa. If elected Chair she would look forward to setting up electronic links within ESA's Asian Ecology Section and with research and teaching institutions throughout Asia. There is a need to identify specific services the ESA Asian Ecology Section can provide. Internationallizing the SEB provides Jan experience interconnecting and providing support for both US and foreign scientists and students.

Dr. Jianguo Wu is Assistant Professor of Landscape and Systems Ecology at the Department of Life Sciences, Arizona State University - West since 1995. He obtained his B.S. in biology from Inner Mongolia University, Huhhot in 1981 and received his M.S. and Ph. D. in ecology from Miami University in 1987 and 1991, respectively. From 1991 to 1993, Jianguo was NSF Postdoctoral Research Associate at Cornell University and Princeton University. Then he worked as Assistant Research Professor at Desert Research Institute of University of Nevada System for two years before joining the faculty at ASU. He is a member of Ecological Society of America (ESA), Ecological Society of China, International Association for Ecology (INTECOL), International Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE), International Society for Ecological Modelling (ISEM), and Sigma Xi, and he was a co-founder of Sino-Ecologists Club Overseas (Sino-ECO). He has served on NSF and EPA review panels, and is a task leader on arid and semiarid ecosystems (GCTE Task 2.1.4) of International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). Jianguo has published over 50 papers and book chapters on these topics.

Jianguo's research interests include landscape ecology, hierarchical patch dynamics, ecological modeling, and global desertification. He was an invited participant in the Grassland Ecosystem of the Mongolian Steppe organized by the Committee on Scholarly Communication with China, National Academy of Sciences between 1991 and 1993, and has been collaborating with several colleagues in Asia on studies of biodiversity, landscape modeling, and desertification. In 1997, as a member of the Organizing Committee he helped organize the International Symposium on Grassland Resource Management in the Mongolian Plateau. Jianguo is also Adjunct Professor of Inner Mongolia University, Guest Professor of Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and a Member of Editorial Board for the Chinese Journal of Ecology.

Election statement: Jianguo has always had an extremely strong interest in the ecological and environmental issues in Asia. While having several current research projects with colleagues in Asia at this moment, he has a long-term commitment to helping develop large-scale international collaborative programs that promote Asian ecology. If he is elected as the chair of Asian Ecology Section, Jianguo would like to work with all the members to accomplish two goals: (1) to promote studies of ecological and environmental issues in Asia by organizing symposia and facilitating international collaborations (especially between ecologists in the US and Asia); and (2) to establish a web-based forum for Asian Ecology Section members and others who are interested in ecological problems in Asia, which will also serve as an important source of information and a main vehicle for organizing section activities worldwide. For more information on Jianguo's research, teaching, and other academic activities, please visit his web site at http://www.west.asu.edu/jingle.

Please email your vote by email to both Xinyuan Wu (b-wu@tamu.edu) and Xiaoming Zou (xzou@SUNCEER.upr.clu.edu) by July 15, 1998.

Alternatively, you can send your vote using this form via postal mail to Dr. Xiaoming Zou and it need to be received by July 15, 1998. (You may mail this page and the return address is on the other side, don’t forget to put a stamp.)

AES Chair for 1998-1999:

____ Weixin Cheng
____ (other:_______________________)

AES Chair-elect for 1998-1999:

____ Jan Salick
____ Jianguo Wu

AES Secretary for 1998-1999

____ Jacoby Carter
____ Shuijin Hu

Bylaws of the Asian Ecology Section.

Article 1. NAME. The official name of this section shall be "Asian Ecology Section of the Ecological Society of America."

Article 2. PURPOSE. The objectives of the Section shall be (1) to promote communication and collaboration among ecologists who are interested in the advancement of ecology in Asia, and (2) to promote ecological research and education in Asia. The Asian Ecology Section shall be a subdivision of the Ecological Society of America and shall be governed in all its operations by the Constitution and Bylaws of that Society.

Article 3. MEMBERSHIP. Any member of any class of the Ecological Society of America who so desires may become a member of the Asian Ecology Section by

payment of Section annual dues.

Article 4. OFFICERS AND ELECTIONS. The officers of the Section shall be a Chair, a Chair-elect, and a Secretary. Any member of the Section shall be eligible for nomination as an officer. Officers shall be elected by mail ballot by a majority vote of those members who choose to vote. Voting shall precede the annual meeting of the Ecological Society of America, with the new officers assuming duties on October 1 of that year.

Article 5. DUTIES OF THE CHAIR. The Chair shall preside at the business meetings of the Section, shall authorize expenditures of Section funds, shall assist the Chair-Elect in arranging programs for Section meetings, and shall promote in every reasonable way, the interests of the Section. The Chair shall serve for a term of one year. The Chair shall represent the Section at the Council of the Society, and shall appoint committees as required to promote the interest of the Section. Such committees shall serve until October 1 of that year and may be re-appointed at the discretion of the Chair.

Article 6. DUTIES OF THE CHAIR-ELECT. The Chair-Elect with the Chair shall arrange the programs, including field excursions, for all meetings of the

Section, and shall assume the duties of the Chair whenever that person is unable to act. The Chair-Elect shall serve one year as Chair-Elect and then assume the duties of the Chair. The Chair-Elect is no eligible for reelection in the succeeding year.

Article 7. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY. The Secretary shall keep the records of the Section, including a current membership and mailing list. The Secretary shall edit a newsletter for communication of the Section activities. The secretary shall serve for a term of one year, and shall be eligible for reelection.

Article 8. FINANCES. Necessary expenses of the Section shall be paid from the treasury of the Society, but in no year shall the total expenses of the Section exceed the sum of any amount allotted for this purpose in the annual budget of the Society plus the amount, if any, collected as dues by the Society on behalf of the Section. No officer or member of the Section shall have authority to incur expenses in the name of the Section, except as specified above.

Article 9. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. A Section Executive Committee, consisting of the officers of the Section and the immediate past Chair, may act on behalf of the Section during the interval between annual meetings.

Article 10. MEETINGS. The Section shall meet with the Society at its annual meeting.

Article 11. NEWSLETTER. The newsletter shall be published at least once each year, at such time as to allow inclusion of a call for papers, symposium contributions, and other Section business which requires the attention of the membership prior to the annual meeting. Publication of the newsletter in the Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America shall constitute fulfillment of the requirement.

Article 12. AMENDMENTS. These by laws may be amended by a two- thirds vote of the members present at any annual meeting of the Section, provided that notice of the proposed amendment has been supplied to members of the Section at least sixty days prior to the annual meeting date.

Article 13. DUES. The amount of annual dues will be recommended by the executive Committee at the annual business meeting. If the recommended amount is a change from the preceding year, a two- thirds majority of those present must concur.

Asian Ecology Newsletter
The Asian Ecology Section
The Ecological Society of America
c/o Xiaoming Zou
Institute for Tropical Ecosystems Studies
PO Box 363682
San Juan, PR 00936

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